Coyote

Coyote

Coyote

Coyote

Animal Coyote
Common Name(s) Coyote, American Jackal, Brush Wolf, Prairie Wolf
Scientific Name canis latrans
Adults are called Male: Dog; Female: Bitch
Young are called Pups
Lifespan Up to 14 years
Adult Size 1.9 – 2.2 ft. at shoulder
Adult Weight 15 – 46 lbs.
Birth Size
Birth Weight 1/2 lb.
Gestation Period 60 – 63 days
Number of Young 3 – 12 per litter
Where Found Most of North and Central America
Habitat Open prairies and deserts, forests, and mountains
Diet Small rodents, deer, fish, frogs, snakes, lizards, insects, fruit, grass, carrion, and young livestock.
Conservation Status Least Concern
Threats Hunting
The coyote is a small, scavenging canid living mostly in forests. It has adapted well to human civilizations, and continues to expand. Their fur varies in color, often several shades of gray and red. Some black or white is also common. Occasionally there are some solid black or white varieties. Coyotes are often social, but can be solitary as well. They will mostly form strong family bonds, but in winter they can group into larger packs in order to find more food. They are also quite vocal, with sharp high pitched barks and howls.

Interesting Facts

  • Coyotes are excellent swimmers.
  • They can run up to 40 mph.
  • They have occasionally mated with gray wolves to produce a hybrid referred to as a coywolf.

Additional Resources

  • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/coyote/
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coyote
  • http://coyotewildmag.com/2008/august/abbott_nomis_wish.html
  • http://www.wildlifecenteroftexas.org/2010/09/coyote-conflict-management/
  • http://www.kidsfront.com/animals/baby-male-female-name/20.htm