Animal Bobcat
Common Name(s) Bobcat, Bay Lynx, Barred Bobcat, Catamount, Lynx Cat, Red Lynx
Scientific Name lynx rufus
Adults are called Male: Tom; Female: Queen
Young are called Kittens
Lifespan Ave. wild lifespan: 6-8 yrs. Max. in captivity: 32 yrs.
Adult Size 3- 4 ft. long, plus 3.5 – 8 in. long tail; 1- 2 ft. tall at shoulder
Adult Weight Male: 14 – 40 lbs. Female: 9 – 33.5 lbs.
Birth Size 10 in. long
Birth Weight 0.6 – 0.75 lb.
Gestation Period 2 months
Number of Young 1 – 6
Where Found Southern Canada, most of continental US, and northern Mexico
Habitat Wooded and semiarid areas, urban and forest edges, and swamplands.
Diet Primarily rabbits and hares, along with other small rodents, birds and their eggs, insects, deer, and even other young predators
Conservation Status Least Concern
Threats Competing predators, hunting, habitat loss
The bobcat is a very shy but adaptable predator throughout north America. It is normally gray or brown with small, dark spots covering most of its body, and is about twice as big as a house cat. There are also dark bands on the inside of its legs, and the white underside is covered in spots. Its ears are tufted, and its tail is black-tipped and very short, giving the cat its name. It is very territorial and solitary, even though some ranges will overlap. They have very sensitive hearing, sight, and smell, and areĀ  very good climbers. They are mostly crepuscular (dawn and dusk), but will sometimes come out during the day or night.

Interesting Facts

  • They are very important for controlling pest populations.
  • Bobcats sometimes mark their territory by scratching trees.
  • They have sometimes interbred with the Canada Lynx.
  • There are occasionally solid black, or melanistic bobcats.
  • Bobcats will patrol 2 -7 miles of its territory each night.

Additional Resources